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Nutritional Supplements

Much of the success in the treatment of pain and chronic illness is attributable to identication of hormonal imbalances, nutritional deficiencies and degenerative disorders with focused nutritional intervention and thoughtful, balanced supplementation.

In order to understand your needs, you first need to expand your understanding of how nutrition influences health & disease.

Vitamin Deficiencies

A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, C, D, E, H

Mineral Deficiencies

Calcium, Chromium, Copper, Magnesium, Manganese


Vitamin A: important to the function of the eyes, immune function, skin, essential cell growth and development.

Dietary Source: milk, eggs, liver, fortified cereals, orange or green vegetables and fruits.

Symptoms of Deficiency: night blindness, poor immune function, zinc deficiency, fat malabsorption.


Vitamin B1: converts carbs to sugar, breaks down fats and protein, healthy digestion, nervous system, skin, hair, eyes, mouth, liver, immune system.

Dietary Source: pork, organ meats, wholegrain/enriched cereals, brown rice, wheat germ, bran, brewer's yeast, blackstrap molasses.

Symptoms of Deficiency: decreased heart function, age-related cognitive decline, Alzheimer's, fatigue.


Vitamin B2 Involved in carbohydrate metabolism; converts carbs to sugar, breaks down fat & protein, healthy digestion, nervous system, skin, hair, eyes, mouth, liver, antioxidant .

Dietary Source: brewer's yeast, almonds, organ meats, whole grains, wheat germ, mushrooms, soy, dairy, eggs, green vegetables.

Symptoms of Deficiency: poor iron absorption/anemia, decreased free radical protection, cataracts, poor thyroid function, B6 deficiency, fatigue, elevated homocysteine.


Vitamin B3 energy, digestion, nervous system, skin, hair, eyes, mouth, liver, eliminates toxins, sex/stress hormone production, improves circulation and cholesterol.

Dietary Source: beets, brewer's yeast, organ meats, fish, seeds and nuts. brewer's yeast, beef liver, beef kidney, pork, turkey, chicken, veal,† sunflower seeds, and peanuts.

Symptoms of Deficiency: cracking, scaling skin, digestive problems, confusion, anxiety, fatigue, reduced endurance, cholesterol elevation. Alcoholism is the prime cause of Vitamin B3 deficiency in the US.

Symptoms of mild deficiency include indigestion, fatigue, canker sores, vomiting, and depression.


Vitamin B5: Pantothenate RBC production, sex and stress-related hormones, immune function, healthy digestion. B-5 facilitates the function, or in other words, helps in the absorption or function of other vitamins.

Dietary Source: meat, vegetables, whole grains, brewer's yeast, avocado, legumes, lentils, egg yolks, milk, sweet potatoes, seeds, nuts, wheat germ, salmon.

Symptoms of Deficiency: reduced stress tolerance, poor wound healing, skin problems, fatigue


Vitamin B6: Used in 100 enzymes for protein metabolism, RBC production, reduce homocysteine, healthy nerve & muscle cells, DNA and RNA, B12 absorption, immune function. Healthy nerve cells, DNA/RNA, red blood cell production, iron function.

Dietary Source: fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, and milk products.† poultry, tuna, salmon, shrimp, beef liver, lentils, soybeans, seeds, nuts, avocados, bananas, carrots, brown rice, bran, wheatgerm, whole-grain flour.

Symptoms of Deficiency: anemia, fatigue, weakness, constipation, loss of appetite, weight loss, numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, depression, confusion, dementia, poor memory, mouth or tongue soreness. Depression, sleep and skin problems, elevated homocysteine, increase in heart disease risk.


Vitamin B9: brain function, mental health, DNA/ RNA during infancy, adolescence and pregnancy, with B12 to regulate RBC production, iron function, reduce homocysteine. Folic acid is crucial for proper brain function and plays an important role in mental and emotional health. Vitamin B9 works closely with vitamins B6 and B12 as well as the nutrients betaine and S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) to control blood levels of the amino acid homocysteine.

Studies suggest that vitamin B9 (folate) may be associated with depression more than any other nutrient, and may play a role in the high incidence of depression in the elderly.

Dietary Source: supplementation, fortified grains, tomato juice, green vegetables, black-eyed peas, lentils, beans.

Symptoms of Deficiency: anemia, impaired immune function, fatigue, insomnia, premature hair loss, high homocysteine, heart disease risk. Folic acid deficiency is the most common B vitamin deficiency.

People with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease (both inflammatory bowel diseases) often have low levels of folic acid in their blood cells.


Vitamin C: is also known as ascorbic acid, L-ascorbic acid, dehydroascorbic acid and the antiscorbutic vitamin. Chemically, it is called L-xyloascorbic acid and L-threo-hex-2-uronic acidy-lactone. The very highest concentrations of vitamin C are found in the adrenal and pituitary glands. High levels are also found in liver, leukocytes, brain, kidney and pancreas. Most of the vitamin C is found in liver and skeletal muscle because of their size relative to the rest of the body.


Vitamin D: calcium and phosphorus levels, calcium absorption, bone mineralization, sunlight-dependent.

Dietary Source: milk, egg yolk, liver, fish.

Symptoms of Deficiency: osteoporosis, decreased calcium absorption, thyroid problems.


Vitamin E: regulates oxidation reactions, stabilizes cell membrane, immune function, protects against cardiovascular disease, cataracts, macular degeneration.

Dietary Source: wheat germ, liver, eggs, nuts, seeds, cold-pressed vegetable oils, dark leafy greens, sweet potatoes, avocado, asparagus .

Symptoms of Deficiency: dry skin and hair, rupturing of red blood cells, anemia, easy bruising, PMS, hot flashes, eczema, psoriasis, cataracts, poor wound healing, muscle weakness, sterility. Symptoms of deficiency include muscle weakness, loss of muscle mass, abnormal eye movements, impaired vision, and unsteady gait. Kidney and liver functional deterioration may develop. Severe vitamin E deficiency can be associated with serial miscarriages and premature delivery. The main signs of severe deficiency in animals are reproductive failure, nutritional "muscular dystrophy," hemolytic anemia, and neurological and immunological abnormalities. The last three processes also have been identified in humans. However, vitamin E deficiency occurs rarely in humans, having been reported in only two situations: premature infants with very low birth weight and patients who fail to absorb fat.

Diet recommendations: The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for vitamin E is based primarily on customary intakes from US food sources. The current RDA for males is 10 mg and 8 mg for females. However, the requirement for vitamin E increases with higher intakes of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). The recommended ratio of E/PUFA is 0.4 mg d-a-tocopherol per gram of PUFA. In defining the ideal intake, factors to consider are intake of other antioxidants, age, environmental pollutants, and physical activity.


Vitamin H: Involved in metabolism of carbohydrate, fat, and amino acids (the building blocks of proteins.

Dietary Source: meats, vegetables, unprocessed grains, brewer's yeast, corn, cauliflower, kale, broccoli, tomatoes, avocado, legumes, lentils, egg yolks, milk, sweet potatoes, seeds, nuts, wheat germ, salmon.

Symptoms of Deficiency: depression, nervous system abnormalities, premature graying, hair loss, dry scaly skin, cracking in the corners of the mouth (cheilitis), swollen and painful tongue that is magenta in color (glossitis), dry eyes, loss of appetite, fatigue, insomnia, and depression. It may been seen in people who have been on long-term anticonvulsants, antibiotics, and sulfa therapy.


Calcium: bones and teeth, helps heart, nerves, muscles, and other body systems work properly, needs other nutrients to function.

Dietary Source: dairy, wheat/soy flour, molasses, brewer's yeast, Brazil nuts, broccoli, cabbage, dark leafy greens, hazelnuts, oysters, sardines, canned salmon.

Symptoms of Deficiency: osteoporosis, osteomalacia, osteoarthritis, muscle cramps, irritability, acute anxiety, colon cancer risk.


Chromium: an important trace mineral. Dietary deficiencies are common, and† 90% of Americans suffer from† diets that are low in chromium.

Low chromium levels can increase blood sugar, triglycerides and cholesterol levels. Low chromium will increase the risk for diabetes and heart disease.

Dietary Sources: include brewer's yeast, lean meats, cheeses, pork kidney, whole-grain breads and cereals, molasses, spices, and some bran cereals, organ meats, mushroom, oatmeal, prunes, nuts, asparagus, and whole grains.

Symptoms of Deficiency: Diabetes, obesity, elevated cholesterol. Glucose-tolerance test failure.



Symptoms of Deficiency: Individuals that are copper deficient are more likely to develop disorders of collagen, including common problems such as hernia, varicose veins, spider veins. More interestingly, however, is the development of internal hermorrhoids, disorders of large blood vessels, such as aortic aneurysm and telangiectasia.


Magnesium:: involved in over 300 biochemical reactions, muscle/nerve function, keeps heart rhythm steady, immune system, strong bones, regulates calcium, copper, zinc, potassium, vitamin D metabolism.

Dietary Source: green vegetables, beans and peas, nuts, seeds, and whole, unprocessed grains.

Symptoms of Deficiency: loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, weakness, numbness, tingling, cramps, seizures, personality changes, abnormal heart rhythms, heart spasms.


Manganese: predominantly stored in the bones, liver, kidney, and pancreas. Manganese is involved in the proper formation of connective tissue and bones. It is involved with blood-clotting factors, and sex hormones and is an enzyme co-factor in fat and carbohydrate metabolism, calcium absorption, and blood sugar regulation. Manganese is necessary for normal brain and nerve function.